What are ACEs

Adverse Childhood Experiences, (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences that can have a huge impact on children and young people throughout their lives.

The ten widely recognised (ACEs), as identified in a US study from the 1990s, are:

As well as these 10 ACEs there is a range of other types of childhood adversity that can have similar negative long-term effects. These include bereavement, bullying, poverty and community adversities such as living in a deprived area, neighbourhood violence etc.

Why do ACEs matter?

Adversity in childhood can create harmful levels of stress which impact healthy brain development. This can result in long-term effects on learning, behaviour and health.

ACEs Training

Emerging evidence shows that ACE aware and trauma-informed schools improve behaviour, learning and attainment and helps to produce happier and resilient children and young people. Merseyside Youth Association has developed a training course that will build upon schools’ understanding of resilience and person-centred approaches and reflect on how they currently foster a nurturing, environment for all children. Watch the course overview below.

If you are interested in taking part in this training, please register your interest here


How common are ACEs?

In England, almost half of adults have experienced at least one ACE, and 10% experiencing four or more.


The impact of ACEs

ACEs have been found to be associated with a range of poorer health and social outcomes in adulthood and that these risks increase as the number of ACEs increase.

ACEs can have a lasting effect on health and wellbeing across the life course, resulting in profound adverse effects on…


The ACE Pyramid

The mechanism by which Adverse Childhood Experiences influence health and well-being throughout the lifespan.